Maternal and Child Health

Midwives are the cornerstone to MDG 4 & 5 success

The countdown is on: we have less than 500 days to meet Millennium Development Goals (MDG) 4 and 5, focused on improving child and maternal health. Sustained and focused efforts have resulted in impressive improvements in many countries. However, there is still a long way to go, and despite overall global reductions in child (under 5) mortality rates, infant mortality rates have actually risen. Midwives are fundamental in meeting these two MDG’s.

It is not difficult to see how midwives are critical to improving MDG 5 with its related indicators pertaining to:

• maternal mortality ratios
• proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel
• the contraceptive prevalence rate
• the adolescent birth rate
• antenatal care coverage
• the unmet need for family planning

It is estimated that a universal increase in midwifery (including family planning) in 78 of the world’s most resource-poor countries could result in up to 83% fewer maternal, fetal and newborn deaths. Family planning (easy access to contraceptives) allows women to choose when to start having children, as well as the timing and spacing of births. This is crucial in reducing adolescent pregnancies, known to be associated with a higher risk of complications for both the mother and baby.

The indicators of MDG 4 are reducing:

• under-5 mortality rate
• infant mortality rate
• proportion of 1 year-old children immunized against measles

At first glance, it may appear the only indicator that midwives directly impact is related to reducing the infant mortality rate. However, taking into consideration the fact that newborns account for 44% of deaths of children under 5, it is clear that inherent to tackling the under-5 mortality rate is lowering the infant mortality rate. Midwives can be instrumental in promoting childhood immunizations.

Midwives are ideally placed to provide specialized and integrated care for both mother and baby. They affirm birth as an essential rite of passage within the context of a woman’s community.  In addition, central to the philosophy of midwifery is the empowerment of women, and empowered women positively impact communities.

Midwives are the unsung heroes of maternal and newborn health. They can prevent about two thirds of deaths among women and newborns. And midwives deliver much more than babies: They are the connective tissue for communities, helping women and girls care for their health, from family planning all the way through the postpartum period. –United Nations Population Fund

High-quality midwifery care for women and newborns saves lives and contributes to healthy families and more productive communities. –2014 State of the World’s Midwifery

Midwives who are educated and regulated to international standards are able to deliver 87% of the care needed for women and newborns and have been described as a cost-effective ‘best buy’ in primary health care. However, in spite of this, the midwifery profession is one that is frequently misunderstood and highly undervalued in far too many countries.  More work is needed to improve both the supply and demand side of midwifery. Midwives are needed to provide universal coverage, and increase awareness among women and their families regarding the importance of utilising midwifery services. Improvements in midwifery education and ensuring systems of robust professional regulation and strong professional associations will result in a high quality midwifery service. Midwives need respect for the vital role they play in communities.

As the deadline for meeting the MDG’s draws near, this a great opportunity for governments and leaders at both international and regional levels to champion midwives and commit to strengthening global midwifery.

How do you want leaders to #Commit2Deliver for women and children’s health in the post-2015 agenda?

Tweet us @GirlsGlobe using #Commit2Deliver

September 21st-26th Girls’ Globe will be in New York for the 2014 UN General Assembly. We are partnering with Johnson & Johnson, FHI360 and Women Deliver in support of the UN Foundation’s Every Woman Every Child to amplify the global conversation on the Millennium Development Goals and the post-2015 agenda. Follow #MDG456Live, raise your voice and join the conversation to advance women and children’s health. Sign up for the Daily Delivery to read engaging blog posts, listen to interviews, podcasts and more. 

Photo Cover Credit: DFID, Flickr Creative Commons

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Category: Health    Maternal and Child Health
Tagged with: #Commit2Deliver    #MDG456Live    Maternal Health    midwifery    Midwives    Newborn Health    Women's Empowerment

Esther Sharma

Esther is a Mum-to-one, a qualified Midwife and also has a Master's in Public Health from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Esther has worked as a Midwife for over ten years in a number of innovative clinical settings in London prior to taking up management roles in the Public Health sphere. As well as working in both the maternity and public health services in the UK, Esther has been involved in projects working to improve maternal health in Afghanistan and has the privilege of being a Board Member for a maternal and newborn health charity, Women and Children First UK. Esther is a member of the Royal College of Midwives and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Public Health.

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