Gender Based Violence

Hitting the Breaks on the Cycle of Gender-Based Violence

Physical, psychological or sexual assault is a treacherous act, and yet it happens to women and girls all over the world on a daily basis. Just the thought of another person taking the most intimate part of my being makes my entire body shudder and simultaneously freeze. According to UNFPA one in every three women will experience physical or sexual abuse at some point during their life.  Now imagine dealing with this type of horror and being separated from the comfort of your family, familiar surroundings and home.

I asked several individuals that have worked or lived in, or reported on, post conflict areas various questions about the psychological and long term impact of rape within refugee and IDP (internally displaced people) camps. The information varied in detail but the overall response was grim and sadly similar. People around the world are suffering from the generational effects of war, violence and despair.

I’m definitely not an expert on this topic, but I think that rape and GBV can leave a permanent mark on any woman who experiences it, regardless of their situation. However, I think that displaced women often are in incredible precarious situations anyway, and I can only imagine it makes what is already a very difficult situation much, much harder. 

Helen Nianias Freelance Journalist

Helen recently completed a piece on Syrian child brides and the following remarks are referring to information she collected.

Refugee girls as young as 10 are much more likely to be married off as they’re seen as a burden on their families because they are living in such dire situations in refugee camps. The girls are often subjected to rape, violence, and can die in childbirth because their bodies are not ready for it. This happens to these girls as a direct result of being refugees. My experience of reporting on the challenges that refugee girls and women face is that they are manifold, often unpredictable, and that women are always, always, always the bottom of the pile.

Helen Nianias

Helen encouraged me to read a report developed by the International Medical Corps in order to have a detailed account of psychosocial workers and medical professionals working in these very volatile settings.  It provides a window into the various challenges that psychosocial workers and organizations face while working with displaced populations in Syria, Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan. This report focuses on the countless individuals that have been displaced due to the conflict in Syria.  It highlights the various factors which contribute to mental, neurological and substance disorders. These factors are placed in three categories:

  1. Security and protection
  2. Access and availability to basic services
  3. Family, community and sectarian tensions

It also provides empirical evidence about this growing and daunting dilemma. According to the article several severe emotional disorders are the most prevalent among all countries followed by high rates of epilepsy and psychotic disorders.

Annette Scarpitta for Rwenena Kids.
Picture of a girl going to get firewood alone, carrying a knife. Drawn by a child at Rwenena Primary School in DRC. Image provided by Annette Scarpitta / Rwenena Kids.

Miles away and separated by the Mediterranean Sea, the Democratic Republic of Congo has been referred to as the rape capital of the world. Women’s Media Center explains ten ways that Sexual and Gender-Based Violence is used as a weapon of war, in a piece entitled Women Under Siege- Conflict Profiles. This document mentions a wide range of reasons from inducing magical powers to terminating pregnancies.  The aftermath of generations of armed conflict has not only resulted in economic and infrastructural destruction but has led to the normalization of rape within the DRC. I reached out to Annette Scarpitta, International Education Advocate, who is working with women and children in the DRC. Here is what she had to say about sexual violence:

An accepted culture of sexual violence prevents women survivors and their children from living up to their potential. It also robs them of their dignity and human rights. With rape prevalent in a culture, the second-class status of women and girls is cemented. Stigmatized by their status of GBV survivors and any resulting children, the way forward through education and sustainable income-generating skills is difficult or impossible to overcome without outside intervention. With so many voices silenced, true post-conflict recovery is hindered for their communities. Those who do speak out often endure additional violence, death threats, and even murder. Men rarely recognize the value that women can add to the post-conflict recovery of the overall economy.

Scarpitta also brought up the importance of promoting gender equality and fighting harmful norms and beliefs that place less value on girls compared to boys. This has been evident in her work with primary school children:

My experience with primary school children attests that gender disparity starts at a very young age, and my program is taking steps to rectify this culture. With little income for modest school fees, the norm for parents with any disposable income at all is to choose to educate sons rather than daughters. Girls are trained in household chores for eventual early marriage and expected childbearing, so their education is deemed unnecessary. Boys not attending school – perhaps because they were born of sexual violence or their caregivers could not afford school fees – are oftentimes forced to serve as child soldiers. They become indoctrinated to inherit a mindset of violence – sexual and otherwise – and the cycle continues to new generations.

And yet, despite all the challenges, obstacles and violence, women and girls prevail and overcome the most gruesome violations of their rights:

[But] survivors of GBV cling to their religious beliefs to provide a way forward and to sustain them. The spirits of Congolese women are strong and resilient!

Quotes from Annette Scarpitta, International Education Advocate


We know women and girls are strong – but no one should have to be strong enough to overcome experiences of gender-based or sexual violence. The only solution and goal we must strive towards is to eliminate these practices entirely. Remember: You don’t need an official title to stand against sexual and gender-based violence.

You just need to find your voice – and use it.

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Category: Gender Based Violence
Tagged with: end GBV    gender based violence    Violence against women    women's rights

Wynter Oshiberu


Wynter Oshiberu has had a deep curiosity for languages and cultures from a very young age, and as she grew older her curiosity has blossomed into an appreciation for the mutual interests that individuals from various backgrounds share.These interests developed into her passions, thus, she has worked with researchers, academics and thought leaders on various topics pertaining to the well-being and advancement of marginalized communities. She is most passionate about promoting and ensuring quality education for women and girls, especially in lower socio-economic settings and post conflict regions. As an avid language and education enthusiast, she has continued to augment her language skills and believes that technology will play a role in the amelioration of many social and global issues. She believes that your unique story is your strength so share it. Say hello at

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    Thank you for this post. In as much as diplaced children face different dangers, it’s the girls that face more of everything, and they carry one stigma or another from their childhood till they die. If we show love, concern, one person at a time, we just might save one life,

  • Pingback: Hitting the Breaks on the Cycle of Gender-Based Violence — Girls’ Globe – PamLucas

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    Nowadays every man has the responsibility as father or a brother to look or to provide security to every girl child regardless of their relationship.The world must declared it as an international responsibility towards our sisters.

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      You’re so right, before in our community, every child belonged to every one, and so if he/she did wrong it wasn’t just his parents that had the right to correct him. Now everyone keeps to himself and it’s not helping! We need to look out for each other, from our hearts and not just eye service

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        Ya it was like that before,my question is what made it change and what are we supposed to do in order to reverse our culture of today. To be sincere we are living by the slogan of “man for himself GOD for us all” and there is need to change this whereas the girl child will continue to suffer.Amie also let we not forget about boy child,if we forget I know one year,one month,one week,one day,one hour,one minute, one second, we will be having a conversation like this about boy child.

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        Hmn, you’re so right, it’s about every child now, not just the girls. Only that

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        Only that girls are susceptible to a lot of victimization and lower class standard of life more than the boys are,

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        Yes i do agree with you but we need also be very conscious about the other gender.

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    In my book The Girl That Glows. I speak about the horrors not only toward girls, but African American women all over our country. As a child I lived in a cage. My body was traded for drugs and money from the ages of 2-7. As an adult things were no better as I continued to be abused in other ways. I challenge the women of today to reach out and help some woman or girl. They need you. They may not know how, or even be able to say it. Therefore I’m going to say it for them all over the world. “Sister, I need you.”

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      True, females go through so much, most of the time they don’t say anything to avoid the stigma from even fellow females. We need to reach out. Thank you for being a voice

  • Pingback: Hitting the Breaks on the Cycle of Gender-Based Violence — Girls’ Globe – Hijab+theWorld

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